The Coast of Bays is situated on the south-central coast of Newfoundland had an economy largely based on traditional fisheries. Since the closure of the commercial Atlantic cod and salmon fisheries in the early 1990's, a limited, but successful fishery still remains, however, it has diversified. Today the Coast of Bays is experiencing much growth in its aquaculture sector, with the majority of the province's aquaculture production occurring in the region. Other industries in the area include fish processing, hydroelectric production, forestry, agriculture, and recreation and tourism.
The Coast of Bays integrated management process was initiated in 2002 at the request of local communities who had concerns about coastal development and potential conflicts between activities in the area. The Coast of Bays Corporation (now dissolved), Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture were key participants in the project. Integrated management is a concept embraced by the Committee as a means of facilitating the growth of coastal and inshore industries in a sustainable manner. This CMA has a focus on environmental quality and economic development, specifically in the fishery, aquaculture and tourism sectors.